7 Spanish Connectors That Can Help Make Conversations More Fluent

Spanish connectors play a crucial role in weaving together coherent and fluid conversations. Connectors in Spanish act as bridges, linking ideas, and guiding the flow of dialogue. 

In this blog post, we’ll explore seven essential Spanish connectors that can enhance your language skills and make your conversations more seamless. Whether you’re a beginner or an advanced learner, mastering these connectors in Spanish will greatly improve your ability to express yourself with clarity and precision.

Spanish Connector Words

1. Encima (On top of that)

The Spanish connector “encima” is used to convey a sense of surprise or frustration, often in combination with an exclamation mark. For instance, “¡Encima se olvidaron de mi cumpleaños!” translates to “On top of that, they forgot my birthday!” In summary, “encima” is a connector in Spanish that can denote addition, emphasis, surprise, or frustration.

More examples:

  • Che, ¿viste que el profe renunció? Encima nunca nos dio las notas. 
  • ¡Encima de que dejaste la tapa levantada, tapaste el inodoro!
  • Estuvo toda la fiesta afuera fumando. Encima no trajo regalos. 

2. Porque (Because)

The connector “porque” is indispensable when providing explanations or giving reasons for your statements. It helps you express the cause-and-effect relationship between ideas, allowing for a more coherent flow of conversation. For instance, “Lo hice porque me gusta” (I did it because I like it).

Other examples:

  • Te lo digo porque te quiero.
  • Le dijimos la verdad porque era lo correcto. 
  • Fuimos al cine porque estábamos aburridos.

3. Aunque (Although/Even though)

“Aunque” is a useful connector when expressing contrasting ideas. It enables you to introduce a condition or a concession, emphasizing that despite a particular circumstance, something else holds true. For example, “Aunque está lloviendo, saldré a pasear” (Even though it’s raining, I’ll go for a walk).

Other examples:

  • Voy a lograrlo aunque me cueste. 
  • Tengo que hacerlo aunque no quiera.
  • Aunque me digan mil veces que no, voy a seguir insistiendo.

4. Sin embargo (However)

When you want to introduce a contrast or shift the direction of the conversation, “sin embargo” is a valuable connector. It allows for a smooth transition between different ideas or arguments. For instance, “Me gusta el cine, sin embargo, prefiero leer libros” (I like movies; however, I prefer reading books).

More examples:

  • Nos encanta comer asado, sin embargo, hoy comimos pasta. 
  • Te lo dije, sin embargo, no me escuchaste. 
  • Es una buena computadora, sin embargo, es un poco lenta. 

5. Además (Furthermore/Moreover)

The connector “además” is perfect for adding additional information or expanding on a topic. It helps you build upon what has been said and provide further details to enrich the conversation. For example, “Me encanta cocinar. Además, me gusta experimentar con nuevas recetas” (I love cooking. Furthermore, I enjoy experimenting with new recipes.)

Other examples: 

  • Escribí dos ensayos y tres historias cortas. Además, hice una grabación. 
  • Tomamos vino y cervezas. Además, abrimos una botella de champagne. 
  • Limpié el baño y la sala. Además, lavé y tendí la ropa.   

6. En resumen (In summary)

When you want to summarize or conclude a discussion, the connector “en resumen” comes in handy. It allows you to succinctly present the main points or ideas discussed, bringing clarity and closure to the conversation. For instance, “En resumen, creo que debemos tomar medidas urgentes” (In summary, I believe we should take urgent action).

More examples:

  • Pasé el día explorando la ciudad, visitando museos, probando la comida local y disfrutando de la hospitalidad de la gente. En resumen, tuve una experiencia maravillosa en este destino.
  • Planificamos un fin de semana de aventura en la montaña. Hicimos senderismo, acampamos bajo las estrellas y disfrutamos de la tranquilidad de la naturaleza. En resumen, fue una escapada perfecta para desconectar y recargar energías.
  • Organizamos una fiesta sorpresa para celebrar el cumpleaños de nuestro amigo. Decoramos el lugar, preparamos comida deliciosa y tuvimos una noche llena de risas y alegría. En resumen, fue una celebración inolvidable para honrar a alguien especial.

7. Por último (Lastly)

“Por último” is a connector that signals the final point or idea in a conversation or presentation. It helps you transition smoothly to your last topic or closing statement. For example, “Por último, me gustaría agradecer a todos por su participación” (Lastly, I would like to thank everyone for their participation).

More examples:

  • Compramos los ingredientes, preparamos la masa y decoramos el pastel. Por último, lo horneamos y disfrutamos de un delicioso postre casero.
  • Recorrimos los museos y disfrutamos de la arquitectura local. Por último, nos relajamos en el parque y disfrutamos de las vistas panorámicas de la ciudad.
  • Analizamos los datos, realizamos las conclusiones y preparamos el informe final. Por último, presentamos los resultados a nuestro equipo de trabajo.


Spanish connectors are essential tools for enhancing fluency and coherence in conversations. By incorporating these connectors in your language repertoire, you’ll be able to express yourself more effectively, connect ideas seamlessly, and engage in natural conversations. 

Practice using these connectors in Spanish to improve your conversational skills, and watch as your fluency and confidence soar. Remember, language learning is a continuous journey, so keep exploring, practicing, and expanding your knowledge of connectors in Spanish. 

Soon, you’ll find yourself navigating conversations with ease, conveying your thoughts effortlessly, and building strong connections with Spanish speakers around the world.

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