What Are the Extra Letters in the Spanish Alphabet? And Why Care

image of book next to title that read what are the extra letters in the spanish alphabet

The Spanish language is a beautiful and expressive form of communication spoken by millions of people worldwide. While many may know that the Spanish alphabet consists of 27 letters, some may not be aware of the intriguing addition of extra letters. In this blog post, we will explore what are the extra letters in the Spanish alphabet and delve into the reasons why they matter.

The Spanish Alphabet and Its Extra Letters

Compared to the English alphabet, the standard Spanish alphabet also contains 27 letters. However, the Spanish alphabet includes five extra letters that set it apart. These additional characters are “ch,” “ll,” “rr,” “ñ,” and “gu.” These extra letters represent unique sounds that are distinct to the Spanish language, and their inclusion plays a crucial role in preserving the language’s phonetic richness.

1. “Ch” and “Ll”: The Unique Digraphs

The digraphs “ch” and “ll” were traditionally considered as separate letters in the Spanish alphabet. Nevertheless, in recent years, they have been officially removed, but their distinctive sounds continue to be an integral part of the language. For instance, “ch” produces a sound similar to the English “ch” in “cheese,” while “ll” has a sound reminiscent of the “y” in “yellow.”

Some words with “ch” are: cucaracha, noche, chinela, carancho, churro.

Some words with “ll” are: llamada, lleno, pollito, gallo, lluvia.

In Argentina the letters ‘ll’ and ‘y’ are pronounced like the ‘sh’ in “shake”. Want to challenge your inner Argentine accent? See these videos in my YouTube channel to hear the Argentine pronunciation and try to mimic it. 

2. “Rr”: The Rolled “R”

Additionally, the famous rolled “r” is another extraordinary feature of the Spanish language. Represented by “rr,” this double “r” is pronounced by rapidly rolling the tongue, creating a distinct and vibrant sound. Mastering this unique letter is essential for anyone looking to speak Spanish fluently and accurately.

Some words with “rr” are: parra, terreno, carril, perro, corrupción.

3. “Ñ”: The Enye

“Ñ” (pronounced enye) is one of the most recognizable extra letters in Spanish. Most important, it is a letter with its own unique sound, similar to the “ny” sound in “canyon” but with a distinctive Spanish flair. As can be seen below, “Ñ” is used in many common words, and its absence can lead to confusion or misinterpretation.

Some words with “ñ” are: apañar, cañería, año, baño.

4. “Gu”: The Uncommon Addition

Although “gu” is not traditionally regarded as an individual letter, its status as a special digraph is noteworthy. As a result of the combination of “g” and “u” a unique sound in Spanish is produced, especially when followed by the vowels ‘e’ and ‘i’, as in the word “guerra” (war) or “guiso” (stew). Therefore, understanding this digraph is crucial for correct pronunciation.

Some words with “gu” are: amague, apague, pegue, delegue, guitarra, guita, guinda.

Why Care About the Extra Letters in the Spanish Alphabet?

You might wonder why knowing about these extra letters in the Spanish alphabet is essential. Here are several reasons why it matters:

Preserving Linguistic Identity: Acknowledging the extra letters in Spanish ensures that the language retains its distinct and vibrant identity. Embracing these unique characters enriches the cultural heritage of Spanish-speaking communities.

Clear Communication: Understanding and properly using the extra letters contribute to clear and effective communication. Mispronouncing or omitting these letters could lead to misunderstandings or make it harder for native speakers to comprehend your message.

Respect for Culture: Learning about the extra letters demonstrates respect for the language and culture of Spanish-speaking countries. It shows a genuine interest in embracing diversity and encourages cross-cultural understanding.

Enhanced Learning Experience: For language learners, paying attention to the extra letters enhances the overall learning experience. Mastering these distinct sounds adds depth and authenticity to their Spanish proficiency.

Empower Yourself and Your Students with this Spanish Pronunciation Alphabet Resource!

Mastering the intricacies of Spanish pronunciation is a crucial step in your language journey. In order to support both students and teachers in this endeavor, I am thrilled to present this comprehensive Spanish Pronunciation Alphabet Resource – an invaluable tool that will boost your confidence and proficiency in Spanish phonetics!

For Students: Unlock Your Spanish Pronunciation Potential

Learning a new language can be both thrilling and challenging. The Spanish Pronunciation Alphabet Resource has been carefully designed to make your language learning experience enjoyable and rewarding. Here’s how it will empower you:

1. **Individualized Vowel Practice:** Each vowel sound is presented individually, allowing you to focus on mastering each one with precision. Additionally, I provide three words per vowel, along with English translations, to give you contextualized practice and ensure a deeper understanding.

2. **Complete Alphabet Reference:** This resource features a slide displaying the entire Spanish alphabet. It serves as a quick reference for all the letters and their sounds, helping you familiarize yourself with the Spanish alphabet effortlessly.

3. **Conquer Tricky Consonants:** Consonants like C, Q, G, J, H, Ñ, LL, Y, R, RR, C, S, and Z can be challenging, but fear not! This resource offers an in-depth exploration of these consonant sounds, with carefully chosen words to demonstrate their pronunciation. With practice, you’ll master them in no time.

4. **Sentence Practice for Fluency:** I understand that real-life conversations involve more than just individual sounds. This resource includes slides with sentences combining multiple sounds, providing you with ample practice to improve your Spanish fluency.

5. **Dive into Diphthongs:** Diphthongs might seem daunting, but this word list featuring diphthongs will help you tackle these vowel combinations confidently. This section will enhance your pronunciation skills and enrich your language expression.

6. **Appreciate Linguistic Diversity:** To expose you to the beautiful diversity of Spanish accents, I’ve included a video showcasing different Latin American accents. As a consequence, this will not only improve your listening comprehension but also foster an appreciation for the richness of the Spanish language.

6. **Challenge Your Inner Argentine Accent:** Included in this Google Slides resource is the Argentine pronunciation challenge for you to have lots of fun! 

By using this resource, you’ll gain the confidence to pronounce Spanish words accurately, communicate effectively, and embrace the joys of Spanish culture!

For Teachers: Elevate Your Spanish Instruction

As an educator, I understand the importance of providing our students with the best tools for language learning. My Spanish Pronunciation Alphabet Resource is designed to enhance your teaching experience and support your students’ growth. Here’s how it will benefit you:

1. **Comprehensive and Structured:** The resource covers all aspects of Spanish pronunciation, offering a well-structured curriculum for your classes. This saves you time on preparation, allowing you to focus on guiding and engaging your students effectively.

2. **Interactive Learning:** The resource includes reading exercises and examples, keeping your students actively involved and motivated. The engaging content ensures that your lessons are enjoyable and fruitful, encouraging students to participate and excel.

3. **Flexible for In-Person and Distance Learning:** Whether you teach in a traditional classroom or through online platforms, our resource is adaptable to different teaching environments. You can seamlessly integrate it into your lessons and homework assignments, ensuring a consistent learning experience.

4. **Promote Cultural Appreciation:** The video showcasing diverse Latin American accents will broaden your students’ horizons and foster an appreciation for linguistic and cultural diversity. This exposure will enrich their language experience and promote cultural sensitivity.

5. **Challenge Your Students:** The resource includes an Argentine pronunciation challenge to have lots of fun. Your students will watch a series of videos and their goal is to try to mimic the ‘ll’ and ‘y’ sounds like a native Argentinian. It ‘s so much fun!

Don’t Miss Out! Check out the PREVIEW and Unleash Your Spanish Potential

I believe that learning Spanish should be an exciting journey, and mastering its pronunciation is a vital step in that process. Whether you’re a student eager to communicate fluently or a teacher dedicated to providing the best language education, this Spanish Pronunciation Alphabet Resource is your key to success.

So, don’t miss out on this incredible opportunity! Check out the PREVIEW to get a glimpse of the valuable knowledge and skills awaiting you and your students. Let’s embark on this language adventure together, unlocking the full potential of Spanish pronunciation!

¡Buena suerte y feliz aprendizaje! (Good luck and happy learning!)

Let's Stay in Touch


Grab your freebie and join my newsletter!

Grab My Ebook to Speak Spanish With Confidence

I have a 7 week study plan where I guide you step by step through the process of Spanish learning. This plan is all included in my ebook: “Help! I Am Dating an Argentinian: The Ultimate Guide to Learn Argentine Spanish.” Enjoy the first 4 chapters at zero cost by downloading the preview!

Join Our Conversational Lessons

Easy Argentine Spanish’s memberships include weekly conversational lessons, access to our amazing community of students, personalized feedback, custom study materials, bonus podcast episodes and more. Find out more information here. Hope to see you there soon!

Check Out These Related Blog Posts

This blog is sponsored by  Day Translations.

Don’t miss out on their new edition of the Linguist Magazine, made by and for language lovers and translators worldwide. 

Share the Post:

About the Author

Show Support

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

¡Hola! Soy Melany

yo melany

I’m so happy you’re here! My name is Melany and I help language learners speak Argentine Spanish. I primarily teach Argentine slang and idioms, how to sound more natural and to speak Spanish with confidence.

Get the Ebook

Spanish Lessons

Our memberships include weekly conversational lessons, personalized feedback, study materials, bonus podcast episodes, and access to our amazing community of students! Learn more here.

Linguist Magazine

Day VIP